Metric System, Marie Curie, Part 26-6, 1950

In 1950, Suriname issued 4 semi-postal stamps with a surtax to support the Combat Cancer fund. The Combat Cancer issues featured Marie Curie and Wilhelm Rontgen.

Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Marie Curie, Michel 315, Scott B49, Semi-postal.

Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Marie Curie, Michel 318, Scott B52, Semi-postal.

Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Wilhelm Rontgen, Michel 316, Scott B50, Semi-postal.

Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Wilhelm Rontgen, Michel 317, Scott B51, Semi-postal.

Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Marie Curie, Michel 315, Scott B49, Semi-postal
Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Marie Curie, Michel 315, Scott B49, Semi-postal.

Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Marie Curie, Michel 318, Scott B52, Semi-postal
Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Marie Curie, Michel 318, Scott B52, Semi-postal.

Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Wilhelm Rontgen, Michel 316, Scott B50, Semi-postal
Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Wilhelm Rontgen, Michel 316, Scott B50, Semi-postal.

Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Wilhelm Rontgen, Michel 317, Scott B51, Semi-postal
Suriname, 15 May 1950, Combat Cancer, Wilhelm Rontgen, Michel 317, Scott B51, Semi-postal.

Suriname is a country in South America. Formerly a Dutch colony known as Dutch Guiana, today the country is officially the Republic of Suriname. The country is located on the northeastern Atlantic coast of South America. Suriname is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, French Guiana to the east, Guyana to the west and Brazil to the south. At just under 165,000 square kilometers (64,000 square miles), it is the smallest sovereign state in South America. Suriname has a population of approximately 558,368, with most residing on the country’s north coast, in and around the capital and largest city, Paramaribo.

Suriname, 18 May 1982, Beatification of Father Petrus Donders, Birthplace map, Michel 986, Scott 599.

Suriname, 15 September 2010, Flag, Michel 2417, SG 2872.

Suriname, 18 May 1982, Beatification of Father Petrus Donders, Birthplace map, Michel 986, Scott 599
Suriname, 18 May 1982, Beatification of Father Petrus Donders, Birthplace map, Michel 986, Scott 599.

Suriname, 15 September 2010, Flag, Michel 2417, SG 2872
Suriname, 15 September 2010, Flag, Michel 2417, SG 2872.

The individual portrayed on the Suriname map stamp is Father Petrus Donders. Blessed Petrus Norbert Donders (1807–1887) was a Dutch Roman Catholic priest and a professed member of the Redemptorists, also known as the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer. He served in the missions in Suriname where he tended to the native inhabitants and the lepers. Father Donders worked in both Paramaribo and Batavia where he died. Donders was beatified in mid-1982 in Saint Peter’s Square in Vatican City. The miracle that led to beatification was the cure of Ludovicus Johann Westland, a Dutch child, from osteomyelitis.

Metric System, Marie Curie, Part 26-5, 1947

In 1947, Poland issued a colorful souvenir sheet honoring Polish Culture, and featured famous Poles. Scott 412A. Only 50,000 were issued on 15 March 1947. Several varieties were later issued, perforate and imperforate. Poland, 15 March 1947, Polish Culture, Scott 412A, Souvenir sheet.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Polish Culture, Scott 412A, Souvenir sheet
Poland, 15 March 1947, Polish Culture, Scott 412A, Souvenir sheet.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Brat Albert, Adam Chmielowski, 1846-1916, Michel 456A, Scott 397, Y&T 485, SG 581.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Brat Albert, Adam Chmielowski, 1846-1916, Michel 456A, Scott 397, Y&T 485, SG 581
Poland, 15 March 1947, Brat Albert, Adam Chmielowski, 1846-1916, Michel 456A, Scott 397, Y&T 485, SG 581.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Jan Matejko 1838-1893, Jacek Malczewski 1854-1929, and Józef Chełmoński 1849-1914, Michel 455A, Scott 399, Y&T 483, SG 579.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Jan Matejko 1838-1893, Jacek Malczewski 1854-1929, and Józef Chełmoński 1849-1914, Michel 455A, Scott 399, Y&T 483, SG 579
Poland, 15 March 1947, Jan Matejko 1838-1893, Jacek Malczewski 1854-1929, and Józef Chełmoński 1849-1914, Michel 455A, Scott 399, Y&T 483, SG 579.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Wojciech Bogusławski 1757-1829, Helena Modrzejewska 1840-1909, and Stefan Jaracz 1883-1945, Michel 458A, Scott 399, Y&T 489, SG 585.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Wojciech Bogusławski 1757-1829, Helena Modrzejewska 1840-1909, and Stefan Jaracz 1883-1945, Michel 458A, Scott 399,
Poland, 15 March 1947, Wojciech Bogusławski 1757-1829, Helena Modrzejewska 1840-1909, and Stefan Jaracz 1883-1945, Michel 458A, Scott 399, Y&T 489, SG 585.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Fryderyk Chopin 1810-1849, Michel 457A, Scott 398, Y&T 487, SG 583.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Fryderyk Chopin 1810-1849, Michel 457A, Scott 398, Y&T 487, SG 583
Poland, 15 March 1947, Fryderyk Chopin 1810-1849, Michel 457A, Scott 398, Y&T 487, SG 583.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Aleksander Świętochowski 1849-1938, Stefan Żeromski 1864-1925, and Bolesław Prus 1847-1912, Michel 459A, Scott 400, Y&T 491, SG 587.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Aleksander Świętochowski 1849-1938, Stefan Żeromski 1864-1925, and Bolesław Prus 1847-1912, Michel 459A, Scott 400,
Poland, 15 March 1947, Aleksander Świętochowski 1849-1938, Stefan Żeromski 1864-1925, and Bolesław Prus 1847-1912, Michel 459A, Scott 400, Y&T 491, SG 587.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Maria Curie-Skłodowska 1867-1934, Michel 460A, Scott 401, Y&T 493, SG 589.

Poland, 15 March 1947, M. Sklodowska-Curie, Michel 460A, Scott 401, Y&T 493, SG 589
Poland, 15 March 1947, Maria Curie-Skłodowska 1867-1934, Michel 460A, Scott 401, Y&T 493, SG 589.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Adam Mickiewicz 1798-1855, Michel 462A, Scott 403, Y&T 497, SG 593.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Adam Mickiewicz 1798-1855, Michel 462A, Scott 403, Y&T 497, SG 593
Poland, 15 March 1947, Adam Mickiewicz 1798-1855, Michel 462A, Scott 403, Y&T 497, SG 593.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Stanisław Wyspiański 1869-1907, Juliusz Słowacki 1809-1849, and Jan Kasprowicz 1860-1926, Michel 461A, Scott 402, Y&T 495, SG 591.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Stanisław Wyspiański 1869-1907, Juliusz Słowacki 1809-1849, and Jan Kasprowicz 1860-1926, Michel 461A, Scott 402, YT
Poland, 15 March 1947, Stanisław Wyspiański 1869-1907, Juliusz Słowacki 1809-1849, and Jan Kasprowicz 1860-1926, Michel 461A, Scott 402, Y&T 495, SG 591.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Polish Culture, Scott 412A, Souvenir sheet.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Polish Culture, Scott 412A, Souvenir sheet
Poland, 15 March 1947, Polish Culture, Scott 412A, Souvenir sheet.

Adam Chmielowski, Brother Albert, circa 1910.

Adam Chmielowski, Brother Albert, circa 1910
Adam Chmielowski, Brother Albert, circa 1910.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Brat Albert, Adam Chmielowski, 1846-1916, Michel 456A, Scott 397, Y&T 485, SG 581
Poland, 15 March 1947, Brat Albert, Adam Chmielowski 1846-1916, Michel 456A, Scott 397, Y&T 485, SG 581.

Adam Chmielowski, also known as Brat Albert (Brother Albert), (1846-1916), painter, monk, organizer of meetings for Albertine brothers and sisters, participator in the January Uprising. Adam Chmielowski is displayed in Leon Wyczółkowski’s painting “Portrait of Brother Albert with a child“. In 1989, he was canonized by Pope John Paul II and became Saint Adam Chmielowski.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Jan Matejko 1838-1893, Jacek Malczewski 1854-1929, and Józef Chełmoński 1849-1914, Michel 455A, Scott 399, Y&T 483, SG 579.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Jan Matejko 1838-1893, Jacek Malczewski 1854-1929, and Józef Chełmoński 1849-1914, Michel 455A, Scott 399, Y&T 483, SG 579
Poland, 15 March 1947, Jan Matejko 1838-1893, Jacek Malczewski 1854-1929, and Józef Chełmoński 1849-1914, Michel 455A, Scott 399, Y&T 483, SG 579.

Jan Matejko, circa 1883.

Jan Matejko, circa 1883
Jan Matejko, circa 1883.

Jan Matejko, (1838-1893) was a patriotic fin-de-siècle (end of century) painter known for paintings of notable historical Polish political and military events. His works include large oil on canvas paintings like Rejtan (1866), Union of Lublin (1869) or Battle of Grunwald (1878), numerous portraits, a gallery of Polish kings, and murals in St. Mary’s Basilica, Kraków. He is referred to as the most famous Polish painter or even the “national painter” of Poland. Matejko spent most of his life in Kraków.

Jacek Malczewski, Self-portrait with a palette, oil on canvas, 1892.

Jacek Malczewski, Self portrait with a palette, oil on canvas, 1892
Jacek Malczewski, Self-portrait with a palette, oil on canvas, 1892.

Jacek Malczewski, (1854-1929) Polish painter who produced a peculiarly Polish blend of Romantic nationalism and dreamlike symbolism.

Józef Chełmoński, Self-portrait, oil on canvas, 1902.

Józef Chełmoński, Self portrait, oil on canvas, 1902
Józef Chełmoński, Self-portrait, oil on canvas, 1902.

Józef Chełmoński, (1849-1914) Polish painter of the realist school with roots in the historical and social context of the late Romantic period in partitioned Poland.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Wojciech Bogusławski 1757-1829, Helena Modrzejewska 1840-1909, and Stefan Jaracz 1883-1945, Michel 458A, Scott 399, Y&T 489, SG 585.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Wojciech Bogusławski 1757-1829, Helena Modrzejewska 1840-1909, and Stefan Jaracz 1883-1945, Michel 458A, Scott 399,
Poland, 15 March 1947, Wojciech Bogusławski 1757-1829, Helena Modrzejewska 1840-1909, and Stefan Jaracz 1883-1945, Michel 458A, Scott 399, Y&T 489, SG 585.

Wojciech Bogusławski, circa 1829.

Wojciech Bogusławski, circa 1829
Wojciech Bogusławski, circa 1829.

Wojciech Bogusławski, (1757-1829) Polish actor, theater director and playwright of the Polish Enlightenment. He was the director of the National Theatre, Warsaw, (Teatr Narodowy), during three distinct periods, as well as establishing a Polish opera. He is considered the “Father of Polish theatre”.

Helena Modrzejewska, as Ophelia, Cracow, 1867.

Helena Modrzejewska, as Ophelia, Cracow, 1867
Helena Modrzejewska, as Ophelia, Cracow, 1867.

Helena Modrzejewska, (also Modjeska), (1840-1909). Her real name was Helena Opid. She was a Polish-American actress whose repertory included 260 Shakespearean and contemporary roles, some in both Polish and English.

Stefan Jaracz, circa 1930.

Stefan Jaracz, circa 1930

Stefan Jaracz, (1883-1945) Polish actor and theatre producer. He served as the artistic director of Ateneum Theatre in Warsaw during the interwar period (1930–32), and within a short period raised its reputation as one of the leading voices for Poland’s new intelligentsia, with groundbreaking productions of Danton’s Death by Georg Büchner (1931), The Captain of Köpenick by Carl Zuckmayer (1932), as well as popular Ladies and Husars (Damy i Huzary) by Aleksander Fredro (1932) and The Open House by Michał Bałuck.

Fryderyk Chopin, daguerreotype by Louis-Auguste Bisson, circa 1849.

Fryderyk Chopin, daguerreotype by Louis-Auguste Bisson, circa 1849
Fryderyk Chopin, daguerreotype by Louis-Auguste Bisson, circa 1849.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Fryderyk Chopin 1810-1849, Michel 457A, Scott 398, Y&T 487, SG 583
Poland, 15 March 1947, Fryderyk Chopin 1810-1849, Michel 457A, Scott 398, Y&T 487, SG 583.

Fryderyk Chopin, (1810-1849) Polish pianist and romantic era composer. Stamp image from painting by Ary Scheffer.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Aleksander Świętochowski 1849-1938, Stefan Żeromski 1864-1925, and Bolesław Prus 1847-1912, Michel 459A, Scott 400, Y&T 491, SG 587.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Aleksander Świętochowski 1849-1938, Stefan Żeromski 1864-1925, and Bolesław Prus 1847-1912, Michel 459A, Scott 400,
Poland, 15 March 1947, Aleksander Świętochowski 1849-1938, Stefan Żeromski 1864-1925, and Bolesław Prus 1847-1912, Michel 459A, Scott 400, Y&T 491, SG 587.

Aleksander Świętochowski, 10 January 1900.

Aleksander Świętochowski, 10 January 1900
Aleksander Świętochowski, 10 January 1900.

Aleksander Świętochowski, (1849-1938) Polish writer, educator, and philosopher of the Positivist period that followed the January 1863 Uprising.

Stefan Żeromski, 1915.

Stefan Żeromski, 1915
Stefan Żeromski, 1915.

Stefan Żeromski, (1864-1925) Polish novelist and dramatist. Family tragedies and emotional troubles contributed to the pessimistic strain evident in his revolutionary idealism. Among his novels are The Homeless People (1899), Ashes (1903), which dealt with cynicism and brutality in the Napoleonic era and Faithful River (1912). Most of his works are intensely nationalistic. Much of Żeromski’s life was spent in exile.

Bolesław Prus, circa 1905.

Bolesław Prus, circa 1905
Bolesław Prus, circa 1905.

Bolesław Prus, (1847-1912) Polish writer. His real name is Aleksander Głowacki. Prus is a leading figure in the history of Polish literature and philosophy and a distinctive voice in world literature. He is generally known by his pen name, Bolesław Prus.

Maria Skłodowska-Curie. Marie Curie, circa 1920.

Marie Curie, circa 1920
Maria Skłodowska-Curie. Marie Curie, circa 1920.

Poland, 15 March 1947, M. Sklodowska-Curie, Michel 460A, Scott 401, Y&T 493, SG 589
Poland, 15 March 1947, Maria Curie-Skłodowska 1867-1934, Michel 460A, Scott 401, Y&T 493, SG 589.

Adam Mickiewicz, daguerreotype, in Paris, circa 1842.

Adam Mickiewicz, daguerreotype, in Paris, circa 1842
Adam Mickiewicz, daguerreotype, in Paris, circa 1842.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Adam Mickiewicz 1798-1855, Michel 462A, Scott 403, Y&T 497, SG 593
Poland, 15 March 1947, Adam Mickiewicz 1798-1855, Michel 462A, Scott 403, Y&T 497, SG 593.

Adam Mickiewicz, (1798-1855) Polish poet, dramatist, essayist, publicist, translator, professor of Slavic literature, and political activist. He is regarded as national poet in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. A principal figure in Polish Romanticism. A principal figure in Polish Romanticism, he is counted as one of Poland’s “Three Bards” (“Trzej Wieszcze”) and is widely regarded as Poland’s greatest poet. Stamp image from drawing by Leopold Horowitz.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Stanisław Wyspiański 1869-1907, Juliusz Słowacki 1809-1849, and Jan Kasprowicz 1860-1926, Michel 461A, Scott 402, Y&T 495, SG 591.

Poland, 15 March 1947, Stanisław Wyspiański 1869-1907, Juliusz Słowacki 1809-1849, and Jan Kasprowicz 1860-1926, Michel 461A, Scott 402, YT
Poland, 15 March 1947, Stanisław Wyspiański 1869-1907, Juliusz Słowacki 1809-1849, and Jan Kasprowicz 1860-1926, Michel 461A, Scott 402, Y&T 495, SG 591.

Stanisław Wyspiański

Stanisław Wyspiański
Stanisław Wyspiański

Stanisław Wyspiański, (1869-1907) was a Polish playwright, poet, painter, sculptor, architect, and designer. Wyspiański displayed genius in whatever he did but his greatest contribution was in writing and producing extremely original plays dealing with the problem of Poland’s destiny.

Juliusz Słowacki, portrait by James Hopwood, circa 1849.

Juliusz Słowacki, portrait by James Hopwood, circa 1849
Juliusz Słowacki, portrait by James Hopwood, circa 1849.

Juliusz Słowacki, (1809-1849) Polish Romantic poet. He is considered one of the “Three Bards” (“Trzej Wieszcze”) of Polish literature, a major figure in the Polish Romantic period, and the father of modern Polish drama.

Jan Kasprowicz, circa 1901.

Jan Kasprowicz, circa 1901
Jan Kasprowicz, circa 1901.

Jan Kasprowicz, (1860-1926) Polish poet, playwright, critic, and translator. He was one of the foremost representatives of Young Poland. His writings progressed from social revolt (e.g., From a Peasant’s Field, 1891) to poems of spiritual struggle and philosophical intensity. Among his later works are To a Dying World (1902), Ballad of the Sunflower (1908) and The Book of the Poor (1916). Highly regarded by his contemporaries, Kasprowicz was also renowned for his translations of English, French, German and Italian classics.

Poland, 15 March 1947, M. Curie-Skłodowska, Michel 460A, Scott 401, Y&T 493, SG 589.

Poland, 15 March 1947, M. Sklodowska-Curie, Michel 460A, Scott 401, Y&T 493, SG 589
Poland, 15 March 1947, M. Curie-Skłodowska, Michel 460A, Scott 401, Y&T 493, SG 589.

In 1947, Poland issued a colorful souvenir sheet honoring Polish Culture, and featured famous Poles. Scott 412A. Only 50,000 were issued on 15 March 1947. Several varieties were later issued, perforate and imperforate.

This concludes a review of the 1947 Famous Poles issue with a brief description of the individuals featured on these stamps.

Metric System, Marie Curie, Part 26-4

Panama, 1942, Pierre and Marie Curie, Cancer Research Fund, Michel Z10, Scott RA10, Semi-Postal.

Panama, 1942, Pierre and Marie Curie, Cancer Research Fund, Michel Z10, Scott RA10
Panama, 1942, Pierre and Marie Curie, Cancer Research Fund, Michel Z10, Scott RA10, Semi-Postal.

Le Petit Parisien, Marie and Pierre Curie, 10 January 1904.

Le Petit Parisien, Marie and Pierre Curie, 10 January 1904
Le Petit Parisien, Marie and Pierre Curie, 10 January 1904.

Metric System, Marie Curie, Part 26-3

Cuba issue, 21 French Colonies issues, and Monaco issue of 1938.

Printed by the Republic of Cuba in 1938, this stamp depicts Marie and Pierre Curie. In 1938, the 40th anniversary of the discovery of radium was commemorated in France with the release of a semi-postal stamp bearing a 50-cent surtax to benefit the International Union for Control of Cancer. France expected member countries of the Universal Postal Union to issue a similar stamp, but only Monaco and Cuba issued stamps. France issued stamps for 21 of its colonies, with each stamp having an identical design.

Cuba, 23 November 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, 40th anniversary of discovery of Radium, Michel 157, Scott B2, Y&T 256, emi-Postal
Cuba, 23 November 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, 40th anniversary of discovery of Radium, Michel 157, Scott B2, Y&T 256, Semi-Postal.

Cuba, 23 November 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, 40th anniversary, discovery of Radium in November 1898, Michel 157, Scott B2, Y&T 256, Semi-Postal.

In 1938, France and its 21 colonies issued stamps to mark the 40th anniversary of the discovery of Radium in 1898. The surtax of these stamps was given to the International Union for the Control of Cancer.

France, 1 September 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, Discovered Radium, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 433, Scott B76, Y&T 402, SG 617
France, 1 September 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 433, Scott B76, Y&T 402, SG 617, Semi-Postal.

France, 1 September 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 433, Scott B76, Y&T 402, SG 617, Semi-Postal.

The 21 French colonies included Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire, Dahomey, French Equatorial Africa, French India, French Indochina, Guadeloupe, Guiana, Guinea, Madagascar, Martinique, Mauritania, New Caledonia, Niger, Oceanie, Réunion, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Sénégal, Somaliland, Sudan, Togo.

Cameroon, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 123, Scott B1, Y&T 159, Semi-Postal.

Cameroon, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 123, Scott B1, Y&T 159
Cameroon, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 123, Scott B1, Y&T 159, Semi-Postal.

Côte d’Ivoire, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 161, Scott B2, Y&T 140, Semi-Postal.

Côte d'Ivoire, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 161, Scott B2, Y&T 140
Côte d’Ivoire, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 161, Scott B2, Y&T 140, Semi-Postal.

Dahomey, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 109, Scott B2, Y&T 109, Semi-Postal.

Dahomey, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 109, Scott B2, Y&T 109
Dahomey, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 109, Scott B2, Y&T 109, Semi-Postal.

French Equatorial Africa, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 82, Scott B1, Y&T 63, Semi-Postal.

FRENCH~1
French Equatorial Africa, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 82, Scott B1, Y&T 63, Semi-Postal.

French India, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 115, Scott B6, Y&T 115, Semi-Postal.French India, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 115, Scott B6, Y&T 115, Semi-Postal.

French India, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 115, Scott B6, Y&T 115
French India, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 115, Scott B6, Y&T 115, Semi-Postal.

French Indochina, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 231, Scott B14, Y&T 202, Semi-Postal.

French Indochina, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 231, Scott B14, Y&T 202
French Indochina, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 231, Scott B14, Y&T 202, Semi-Postal.

Guadeloupe, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 144, Scott B3, Y&T 139, Semi-Postal.

Guadeloupe, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 144, Scott B3, Y&T 139
Guadeloupe, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 144, Scott B3, Y&T 139, Semi-Postal.

Guiana, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 177, Scott B3, Y&T 149, Semi-Postal.

Guiana, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 177, Scott B3, Y&T 149, Semi-Postal
Guiana, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 177, Scott B3, Y&T 149, Semi-Postal.

Guinea, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 161, Scott B2, Y&T 147, Semi-Postal.

Guinea, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 161, Scott B2, Y&T 147, Semi-Postal
Guinea, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 161, Scott B2, Y&T 147, Semi-Postal.

Madagascar, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 258, Scott B2, Y&T 206, Semi-Postal.

Madagascar, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 258, Scott B2, Y&T 206
Madagascar, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 258, Scott B2, Y&T 206, Semi-Postal.

Martinique, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 168, Y&T 167, Semi-Postal.

Martinique, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 168, Y&T 167
Martinique, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 168, Y&T 167, Semi-Postal.

Mauritania, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 77, Y&T 72, Semi-Postal.

Mauritania, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 77, Y&T 72, Semi-Postal
Mauritania, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 77, Y&T 72, Semi-Postal.

New Caledonia, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 213, Y&T 172, Semi-Postal.

New Caledonia, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 213, Y&T 172, Semi-Postal
New Caledonia, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 213, Y&T 172, Semi-Postal.

Niger, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 84, Y&T 63, Semi-Postal.

Niger, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 84, Y&T 63
Niger, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 84, Y&T 63, Semi-Postal.

Oceanie, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 134, Scott B5, Y&T 127, Semi-Postal.

Oceanie, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 134, Scott B5, Y&T 127
Oceanie, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 134, Scott B5, Y&T 127, Semi-Postal.

Réunion, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 166, Scott B4, Y&T 155, SG 185, Semi-Postal.

Réunion, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 166, Scott B4, Y&T 155, SG 185
Réunion, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 166, Scott B4, Y&T 155, SG 185, Semi-Postal.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 169, Y&T 166, Semi-Postal.

Saint Pierre and Miquelon, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 169, Y&T 166
Saint Pierre and Miquelon, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 169, Y&T 166, Semi-Postal.

Sénégal, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 180, Scott B3, Y&T 149, Semi-Postal.

Sénégal, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 180, Scott B3, Y&T 149
Sénégal, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 180, Scott B3, Y&T 149, Semi-Postal.

Somaliland, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 149, Scott B2, Y&T 147, Semi-Postal.

Somaliland, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 149, Scott B2, Y&T 147
Somaliland, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 149, Scott B2, Y&T 147, Semi-Postal.

Sudan, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 112, Scott B1, Y&T 99, Semi-Postal.

Sudan, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 112, Scott B1, Y&T 99, Semi-Postal
Sudan, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 112, Scott B1, Y&T 99, Semi-Postal.

Togo, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 114, Scott B1, Y&T 171, Semi-Postal.

Togo, 24 October 1938, Pierre Curie, Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 114, Scott B1, Y&T 171
Togo, 24 October 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, discovered Radium in November 1898, International Union for Control of Cancer, Michel 114, Scott B1, Y&T 171, Semi-Postal.

Monaco, 15 November 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, 40th anniversary, Discovery of Radium, Michel 187, Scott B24, Y&T 167, Semi-Postal.

Monaco, 15 November 1938, Pierre 1859-1906, and Marie Curie 1867-1934, 40th anniversary, Discovery of Radium, Michel 187, Scott B24, Y&T 167, Semi-Postal
Monaco, 15 November 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, 40th anniversary, Discovery of Radium, Michel 187, Scott B24, Y&T 167, Semi-Postal.

Metric System, Marie Curie, Part 26-2

In 1891, Marie Skłodowska studied physics, chemistry, and mathematics at the University of Paris. She studied during the day and worked as a tutor during the evening.

Maria Skłodowska, before moving to Paris, circa 1891
Maria Skłodowska, before moving to Paris, circa 1891.

Maria Skłodowska, before moving to Paris, photograph circa 1891.

In 1893, she was awarded a degree in physics and began work in the industrial laboratory of Professor Gabriel Lippmann (1845-1921). Lippmann is known as the inventor of a method for reproducing colours by photography, based on the interference phenomenon. In 1908, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for this work.

Gabriel Lippmann, Nobel prize in Physics, 1908
Gabriel Lippmann, Nobel prize in Physics, 1908.

Gabriel Lippmann, Nobel Prize in physics, photograph, 1908.

Sweden, 10 December 1968, Nobel Prize 1908, Gabriel Lippman (physics) and Rudolf Eucken (literature), Michel 627A, Scott 805, Y&T 610, SG 574
Sweden, 10 December 1968, Nobel Prize 1908, Gabriel Lippman (physics) and Rudolf Eucken (literature), Michel 627A, Scott 805, Y&T 610, SG 574.

Sweden, 10 December 1968, Nobel Prize 1908, Gabriel Lippman (physics) and Rudolf Eucken (literature), Michel 627A, Scott 805, Y&T 610, SG 574.

Skłodowska continued studies at the University of Paris, and with a fellowship she earned a second degree in 1894. At Paris, she began her scientific career with investigation of the magnetic properties of various steels. This work was commissioned by the Société d’encouragement pour l’industrie nationale (Society for the Encouragement of National Industry). In 1894, Pierre Curie entered her life.

Pierre Curie (1859-1906) and Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867-1934), circa 1903
Pierre Curie (1859-1906) and Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867-1934), circa 1903.

Pierre Curie (1859-1906) and Marie Skłodowska Curie (1867-1934), photograph circa 1903.

Their mutual interest in natural sciences drew them together. Pierre Curie was an instructor at the School of Physics and Chemistry, the École supérieure de physique et de chimie industrielles de la ville de Paris (ESPCI). Marie and Pierre were introduced by Polish physicist, Professor Józef Wierusz-Kowalski. The professor knew Marie was looking for a larger laboratory space and thought Pierre might be able to help locate space for Marie. Pierre located space and she was able to begin work. Their mutual passion for science brought them closer, and they began to develop feelings for one another. Pierre eventually proposed marriage. The couple wed on 26 July 1895 at Sceaux (Seine).

Pierre and Marie Curie in the laboratory, circa 1904
Pierre and Marie Curie in the laboratory, circa 1904.

Pierre and Marie Curie in the laboratory, photograph circa 1904.

In December 1938, Afghanistan issued a stamp that featured Pierre and Marie Curie, on their discovery of Radium in November 1898, with proceeds from sales of the stamp to bolster the International Anti-cancer Fund.

Afganistan, December 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, physicists, International Anti-cancer Fund, Michel Z2, Scott RA2
Afghanistan, December 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, physicists, International Anti-cancer Fund, Michel Z2, Scott RA2.

Afghanistan, December 1938, Pierre and Marie Curie, physicists, International Anti-cancer Fund, Michel Z2, Scott RA2.

Metric System, Marie Curie, Part 26-1

Marie Skłodowska Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a Polish-French physicist and chemist who conducted research on radioactivity. Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize in physics in 1903, the first person and only woman to win twice (1903, 1911), the only person to win a Nobel Prize in two different sciences (physics and chemistry), and part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.

Marie Curie, circa 1903
Marie Curie, circa 1903.

Marie Curie, photograph, circa 1903.

In 1935, upon the death of Marie Curie in 1934, Turkey was the first country to feature the first stamp issued to honor the life and accomplishments of Marie Skłodowska Curie. On 18 April 1935, Turkey issued as set of stamps in conjunction with the 12th International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenship at Istanbul, Turkey.

Turkey, 18 April 1935, Marie Curie, 12th International Suffragist Congress, Istanbul, Womens Rights, Michel 998, Scott B67
Turkey, 18 April 1935, Marie Curie, 12th International Suffragist Congress, Istanbul, Women’s Rights, Michel 998, Scott B67.

Turkey, 18 April 1935, Marie Curie, 12th International Suffragist Congress, Istanbul, Women’s Rights, Michel 998, Scott B67.

News of the noteworthy release of these Turkish stamps was reported abroad. As reported in the 8 May 1935 issue of the newspaper, The West Australian, the article read as follows.

Woman’s Realm. Stamps to mark Women’s Conference. Special Issue in Turkey.

“The Turkish Government has decided upon a commemorative issue of stamps in collaboration with the International Alliance of Women for Suffrage and Equal Citizenship, ‘it is hoped that the stamps will be very widely distributed so that they will constitute through out the world an intensive propaganda in favour of woman suffrage,’ states a pamphlet setting forth the scheme. The issue will comprise from 14 to 16 stamps (20 paras to 100 kuras). A surplus tax equivalent to the nominal value of each stamp will be added, so that to each case the selling price will be double the postage value. The amount of the tax will be given to the International Alliance, in other words the total proceeds of the issue will be shared equally between the Turkish Government and the Alliance. The stamps will be sold to the public only on request. The stamps will remain current for postage purposes in Turkey until the end of 1935. The stamps will be engraved with the portraits of Mrs. Chapman Catt, founder and honorary president of the Alliance, and also the six women to whom the Nobel Prize has been awarded; MMe. Curie (science), Grazia Deledda, Selma Lagerlof and Sigrid Undset (literature), Jane Addams and Bertha von Suttner. All printing expenses will be shared between the Turkish Government and the member of the alliance who has undertaken the responsibility — Mle. Marie Ginsberg. The issue will amount to 635,000 Turkish pounds, corresponding approximately to 1,460,000 gold francs. This is probably the first time that any Government has issued a special series of postage stamps to commemorate a Woman’s Congress.”

Editor. (8 May 1935). Woman’s Realm. Stamps to mark Women’s Conference. Special Issue in Turkey. The West Australian. Wednesday, May 8, 1935.

Chernobyl Disaster, 26 April 1986, Part 11

Chernobyl today

Chernobyl, 7 May 2007
Chernobyl, 7 May 2007.

The region today is widely known as one of the world’s most unique wildlife sanctuaries. Thriving populations of wolves, deer, lynx, beaver, eagles, boar, elk, bears and other animals have been documented in the dense woodlands that now surround the silent plant. Only a handful of radiation effects, such as stunted trees growing in the zone of highest radiation and animals with high levels of cesium-137 in their bodies, are known to occur.

Statues and Memorials

PMR, 25 June 2016, Memorial to Chernobyl Tragedy, 30th anniversary
PMR, 25 June 2016, Memorial to Chernobyl Tragedy, 30th anniversary.

Ukraine, 26 April 1996, 10th Anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 231
Ukraine, 26 April 1996, 10th Anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 231.

Ukraine, 26 April 2016, Chernobyl, the tragedy of mankind, Michel 1541
Ukraine, 26 April 2016, Chernobyl, the tragedy of mankind, Michel 1541.

PMR, 25 June 2016, Memorial to Chernobyl Tragedy, 30th anniversary.

Ukraine, 26 April 1996, 10th Anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 231.

Ukraine, 26 April 2016, Chernobyl, the tragedy of mankind, Michel 1541.

PMR, 25 June 2016, Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, 30th anniversary
PMR, 25 June 2016, Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, 30th anniversary.

PMR, 25 June 2016, Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, 30th anniversary.

Children of Chernobyl tributes

Dominica, 29 May 1997, Children of Chernobyl, Scott 1966
Dominica, 29 May 1997, Children of Chernobyl, Scott 1966.

Belarus, 9 June 2001, 15th anniversary of Chernobyl nuclear disaster, Scott 390
Belarus, 9 June 2001, 15th anniversary of Chernobyl nuclear disaster, Scott 390.

Gambia, 20 May 1997, Chabads children of Chernobyl, Scott 1919
Gambia, 20 May 1997, Chabad’s children of Chernobyl, Scott 1919.

Kuwait, 2 May 1998, Children of Chernobyl, Michel 1578
Kuwait, 2 May 1998, Children of Chernobyl, Michel 1578.

Kuwait, 2 May 1998, Children of Chernobyl, Michel 1579
Kuwait, 2 May 1998, Children of Chernobyl, Michel 1579.

Kuwait, 2 May 1998, 12th anniversary of Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster, Children of Chernobyl, Michel 1580
Kuwait, 2 May 1998, 12th anniversary of Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster, Children of Chernobyl, Michel 1580.

RSA, 1997, Chernobyls Children, UNESCO, miniature sheet
Republic of South Africa, 1997, Chernobyl’s Children, UNESCO, miniature sheet.

Jamaica, 7 April 1997, Chernobyl 10th anniversary, Scott 865
Jamaica, 7 April 1997, Chernobyl 10th anniversary, Scott 865.

Israel, 23 December 1997, Children of Chernobyl, Scott 1323
Israel, 23 December 1997, Chabad’s Children of Chernobyl, Scott 1323.

Dominica, 29 May 1997, Children of Chernobyl, Scott 1966.

Belarus, 9 June 2001, 15th anniversary of Chernobyl nuclear disaster, Scott 390.

Gambia, 20 May 1997, Chabad’s children of Chernobyl, Scott 1919.

Kuwait, 2 May 1998, Children of Chernobyl, Michel 1578.

Kuwait, 2 May 1998, Children of Chernobyl, Michel 1579.

Kuwait, 2 May 1998, 12th anniversary of Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster, Children of Chernobyl, Michel 1580.

Republic of South Africa, 1997, Chernobyl’s Children, UNESCO, miniature sheet.

Jamaica, 7 April 1997, Chernobyl 10th anniversary, Scott 865.

Israel, 23 December 1997, Chabad’s Children of Chernobyl, Scott 1323.

Ukraine, 26 April 1996, 10th Anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 231, FDC
Ukraine, 26 April 1996, 10th Anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 231, First Day Cover.

Ukraine, 26 April 1996, 10th Anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 231, First Day Cover.

Chernobyl Disaster, 26 April 1986, Part 10

Ukraine, 26 April 1996, 10th anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 231, First Day Cover.

Ukraine, 26 April 1996, 10th Anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 231, FDC
Ukraine, 26 April 1996, 10th anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 231, First Day Cover.

ABC News report on 14 May 1986 from Moscow. Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev makes first comments on Chernobyl nuclear disaster 18 days after the accident.

Norway, 14 September 2001, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nobel Peace Prize, Scott 1313
Norway, 14 September 2001, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nobel Peace Prize, Scott 1313.

Gambia, 13 October 2004, Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan signing treaty in 1987, Michel 5417
Gambia, 13 October 2004, Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan signing treaty in 1987, Michel 5417.

United States, 9 February 2005, Ronald Reagan, Scott 3897
United States, 9 February 2005, Ronald Reagan, Scott 3897.

Norway, 14 September 2001, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nobel Peace Prize, Scott 1313.

Gambia, 13 October 2004, Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan signing treaty in 1987, Michel 5417.

United States, 9 February 2005, Ronald Reagan, Scott 3897.

Chernobyl Disaster, 26 April 1986, Part 9

Jamaica, 7 April 1997, Chernobyl 10th anniversary, Chernobyl’s children: A decade later 1986-1996, Scott 865.

Jamaica, 7 April 1997, Chernobyl 10th anniversary, Scott 865

Jamaica, 7 April 1997, Chernobyl 10th anniversary, Chernobyl’s children: A decade later 1986-1996, Scott 865.

Chernobyl Accident. CIA video briefing produced for President Ronald Reagan, 12 May 1986.

Russia, 22 January 1991, 5th Anniversary of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station Disaster, Scott 5959
Russia, 22 January 1991, 5th anniversary of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station Disaster, Scott 5959.

Russia, 22 January 1991, 5th anniversary of Chernobyl Nuclear Power Station Disaster, Scott 5959.

Chernobyl Disaster, 26 April 1986, Part 8

Belarus, 19 April 2006, 20th anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 577.

Belarus, 19 April 2006, 20th Anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 577
Belarus, 19 April 2006, 20th anniversary of Chernobyl Tragedy, Scott 577.

28 April 1986, ABC News report of Chernobyl accident.

The 28 April 1986 episode of ABC News Nightline with Ted Koppel. Video covers the Chernobyl nuclear accident in the Soviet Union. Discussions regarding its impact on the Soviet people and the future of nuclear energy. Interviewed in the program include Soviet experts Marshall Goldman, Russian Research Center at Harvard University, Dimitri Simes, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, along with Thank Gustafson, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Marvin H. Dickerson, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, and James MacKenzie, Union of Concerned Scientists.

Belarus, 26 April 2011 25th Anniversary of the Chernobyl Disaster, Michel 855
Belarus, 26 April 2011 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl Disaster, Michel 855.

Belarus, 26 April 2011 25th anniversary of the Chernobyl Disaster, Michel 855.

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